1.UNESCO World heritage site
With unique style of Ancient Architecture; Konark’s Sun Temple is the only UNESCO’s World Heritage Site in the state of Odisha.
2.Built for continuous period of 12 years
King Narasimhadeva I,the great ruler of the Ganga dynasty had built this temple,with the help of 1200 artisans from 1243-1255 AD(13th Century).
3.Chariot Based Construction
Konark Temple was designed in the form of a gorgeously decorated chariot mounted on 24 wheels.Each about 10 feet in diameter,and drawn by 7 mighty horses.
Konark temple was initially built on the sea bank but now the sea has receded and the temple is a little away from the beach.It is known as “Black Pagoda” due to its dark color and used as a navigational landmark by ancient sailors to Odisha.
5.This temple is dedicated to lord SURYA
The temple worships Lord Surya(the Sun God).It is shaped like a giant chariot stone carvings that cover the entire structure.
6.Wheels at Sun temple konark serve as accurate sun dials and are inspiration for the modern day watches.
The main attraction of the temple is its twelve pairs of wheels located at the base of the temple.These wheels are not ordinary wheels but tell time as well-the spokes of the wheels create a sundial.One can calculate the precise time of the day by just looking at the shadow cast by these spokes.
7.The Science behind the construction
A heavy magnet was placed at the temple top and every two stones of the temple is sand witched by iron plates.The idol was said to have been floating in air due to the arrangement of magnets.The unique arrangment of the main magnet along with the other magnets caused the main idol of the temple to float in air.
The Konark Sun Temple has two huge lions on either side of the entrance.Each lion is shown crushing an elephant.Beneath each elephant lies the human body.Lion represents pride and elephant represents money.Problems faced by Human beings shown in one shot…!
9.Orientation on the shore
Everyday,the Sun’s rays would reach the Nata Mandir from the coast and reflects from the diamond placed at the center of the idol.During the colonial period,these magnets were removed by the Britishers to get the magnetic stone.
Every single piece of the Konark Sun Temple is covered with sculpture consisting of deities,dancers,scenes of life at court,etc.