West Bengal is an Indian state, situated in eastern locale of the nation on the Bay of Bengal. Calcutta/Kolkata is the Capital city. With over 91 million inhabitants (starting at 2011), it is India’s fourth-generally populous state. It has a territory of 88,752 km2(34,267 sq mi). A piece of the ethno-linguistic Bengal region of the Indian subcontinent, it borders Bangladesh in the east, and Nepal and Bhutan in the north. It likewise fringes the Indian states of Odisha, Jharkhand, Bihar, Sikkim, and Assam. The state capital is Kolkata (Calcutta), the seventh-biggest city in India, and focus of the third-biggest metropolitan area in the nation. With respect to geology, West Bengal incorporates the Darjeeling Himalayan slope area, the Ganges delta, the Rarh district, and the coastal Sundarbans. The principle ethnic gathering are the Bengalis, with Bengali Hindus forming the statistic majority.
1.Former Capital City, During the British Raj, until 1911, Calcutta was the capital of India. By the last 50% of the nineteenth century Shimla had turned into the late spring capital. Lord George V declared the exchange of the capital from Calcutta to Delhi at the peak of the 1911 Imperial Durbar on 12 December 1911.
2. Calcutta has many epithets which incorporate city of delight, The city of parades, The city of royal residences and the social capital of india.
3. Excellent railroad complex, Howrah Junction, all the more prominently known as Howrah Station, is the most established and biggest railroad complex in India, serving the twin urban communities of Howrah and Kolkata. Roughly 617 traveler trains go through the station every day requiring its 23 stages (the biggest number of stages in Indian railroads) and serving in excess of two million travelers for each day with the most astounding train taking care of limit of any Indian rail route station. Howrah Junction is one of five intercity railway stations serving the city of Kolkata, the others being Sealdah, Santragachi, Shalimar, and Kolkata railroad station.
4. Howrah Bridge is an extension with a suspended range over the Hooghly River in West Bengal, India. Appointed in 1943, the scaffold was initially named the New Howrah Bridge, since it supplanted a barge connect at a similar area connecting the two urban areas of Howrah and Kolkata (Calcutta). On 14 June 1965 it was renamed Rabindra Setu after the incomparable Bengali writer Rabindranath Tagore, who was the main Indian and Asian Nobel laureate. It is still famously known as the Howrah Bridge.
5. Country of Many Literary Legends, Calcutta has 5 nobel laureates Five Nobel Prize winners have been associated with Kolkata. Sir Ronald Ross (1902, Medicine), Rabindranath Tagore (1913, Literature; first Asian to win the Nobel Prize), C V Raman (1930, Physics), Mother Teresa (1979, Peace), Amartya Sen (1998, Economics).
6. Begun Football Tournaments in India , Indian Football Association (IFA) conducts the CFL with 157 for the most part Kolkata based clubs and units. Begun in 1898, this association is the most seasoned group in Asia and viewed as one of the oldest football rivalries on the planet. There are around 8,500 legitimately enlisted players of IFA who take part in CFL.
7. The Great Banyan is a banyan tree located in Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden, Howrah, near Kolkata, India. The extraordinary banyan tree attracts a larger number of guests to the greenhouse than its gathering of fascinating plants from five landmasses. Its fundamental trunk wound up sick after it was struck by two typhoons, so in 1925 the primary trunk of the tree was cut away to keep the rest of; this has abandoned it as a clonal state, instead of a solitary tree. A 330-meter-long (1,080 ft) street was worked around its boundary, however the tree keeps on spreading past it.
8. The City of Trams, Trains, and Hand pulled Rickshaws, Kolkata is the only Indian city to stay aware of the hand-pulled rickshaw, while this method of transport pulled by one person for different has been moved once again from the remainder of Asia.
9. The Iconic Eden Gardens is a cricket ground in Kolkata, India set up in 1864. It is the most established cricket arena in India. It is the home scene of the Bengal cricket group and the IPL establishment cricket group Kolkata Knight Riders, and is additionally a setting for Test, ODI and T20I matches of the India national cricket team.The arena right now has a limit of 68,000 and it is the second biggest arena in the world.
10. Most established Port, The Port of Kolkata is a riverine port in the city of Kolkata, India, situated around 203 kilometers (126 mi) from the ocean. It is the most established working port in India, and was built by the British East India Company. The Port has two particular dock frameworks – Kolkata Docks at Kolkata and a profound water dock at Haldia Dock Complex, Haldia.
11. Football Fetish, Mohun Bagan is a football club based in Kolkata. The club was set up on 15 August 1889 by lawyer Bhupendra Nath Bose and is the most seasoned existing football club in India and one of the most seasoned clubs in Asia.The club plays in the I-League under permit from the All India Football Federation (AIFF). The most prominent triumph in the historical backdrop of the club was over East Yorkshire Regiment in the 1911 IFA Shield final coordinate, which made them the principal Indian club to win the IFA title.
12. Kolkata’s Very Own China Town, Tiretta Bazaar, is an area in the eastern piece of the city of Kolkata. The area was once home to 20,000 ethnic Chinese Indian nationals; presently the populace has dropped to roughly 2,000. The conventional control of the Chinese Indian people group in Kolkata had been working in the nearby tanning industry just as in Chinese eateries. The zone is as yet noted for the Chinese cafés where numerous individuals run to taste customary Chinese and Indian Chinese cuisine.
13. The National Library of India on the Belvedere Estate in Alipore, Kolkata, is the biggest public library in India by volume, fourteenth in the list of biggest libraries, and India’s library of public record. It is under the Ministry of Culture, Government of India. The library is assigned to gather, disperse and save printed material created in India. The library is arranged on the picturesque 30-section of land (12 ha) Belvedere Estate. It is the biggest in India with a gathering in abundance of 2.2 million books. Before autonomy, it was the official living arrangement of Lt. Legislative head of Bengal.
14. Durga puja is one of the most established conventions of Bengali Hinduism. Durga Puja festival is additionally the biggest celebration of Bengalis as well as of West Bengal. West Bengal is the origin of Durga puja celebration. Later this celebration spread crosswise over eastern Indian states like Assam, Odisha, Bihar from West Bengal. Durga puja isn’t just the biggest celebration of West Bengal, it is likewise a bearer of Bengali culture and biggest modern speculation and one of the significant attractions of Bengal tourism.
15. Columbus of Rosogolla, Nobin Chandra Das (1845– 1925) was a Bengali confectioner, business visionary, representative and Bengali social symbol of the second 50% of nineteenth century and mid twentieth century. Broadly known as the maker of the iconic Bengali sweetmeat “Rosogolla”, a mainstream limerick of nineteenth century Bengal marked him as the “Columbus of Rasgulla” or just the “Father of Rasgulla”.
16. Establishment of State Bank Of India, The bank drops from the Bank of Calcutta, established in 1806, by means of the Imperial Bank of India, making it the most seasoned business bank in the Indian subcontinent. The Bank of Madras merged into the other two “administration banks” in British India, the Bank of Calcutta and the Bank of Bombay, to shape the Imperial Bank of India, which thusly turned into the State Bank of India in 1955. The Government of India assumed responsibility for the Imperial Bank of India in 1955, with Reserve Bank of India (India’s national bank) taking a 60% stake, renaming it the State Bank of India. In 2008, the administration assumed control over the stake held by the Reserve Bank of India.