Interesting facts about the Banyan tree
- The banyan tree is a good source of oxygen.
- There are more than 750 species of fig trees and Banyan tree is one of them.
- It was adopted as the national tree of India in 1950
- More common species of Ficus microcarpa is found in China, India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan, Taiwan, the Malay Archipelago, New Guinea, Australia, Ryukyu Islands, and New Caledonia.
- The banyan tree was called vat-vriksha ( Tree In Sanskrit), Later the British named it as banyan tree.
- Other species of fig tree like Ficus citrifolia, Ficus aurea, Ficus pertusa ( American banyan ) is found in many parts of America.
- The largest banyan tree in the world is found in Howrah, India. It is named as “The Great Banyan”. It is over 250 years old. The area occupied by the tree is about 18,918 square meters.
- The Banyan tree begins life as an epiphyte (a plant that grows on another plant), germinating in the crevices (pores) of a host tree or other structure. As it grows, the banyan tree produces aerial roots that hang down and take root wherever they touch the ground. These thick roots actually make the tree appear to have several trunks.
- The leaves of the Banyan tree are huge, rugged, shiny green and circular fit as a fiddle. Like the greater part of the fig-trees, the leaf bud is secured by two huge scales. As the leaf builds up the scales fall. Youthful leaves have an appealing rosy tinge.
- More seasoned banyan trees have flying prop roots that develop into thick woody trunks with which the age of the tree ends up as undefined from the primary trunk. Old trees spread out horizontally utilizing these prop roots to cover a wide region.
- The banyan tree of tropical Asia sends down incredible quantities of shoots from its branches, which then flourish and turn out to be new trunks. A solitary tree along these lines may spread over an extensive region. For example; The Banyan Tree of Indian Botanic Garden in Calcutta is believed to be more than 200 years of age and has around 230 trunks as expansive as oak trees and around 3,000 smaller ones.
- Banyan tree has important religious values in Hinduism & Buddhism. In Hinduism importance of banyan tree is mentioned in many Scriptures & Vedas. In Buddhism it is believed that Lord Buddha had sat under a Banyan tree for seven days; after attaining enlightenment.
- Banyan Tree has many medical values as well. It’s bark and leaf buds is used to stop bleeding. The leaf buds of Banyan are also useful in the treatment of chronic diarrhea and dysentery. Tender roots of Banyan are considered beneficial in the treatment of female sterility.
- Indian villages used to have at least 1 banyan tree near a temple culture-wise.
- Cleaning the teeth with the aerial roots of the Banyan is beneficial in preventing teeth and gum disorders.
- it can also be used to treat osteomyelitis, an infection in the bones.
- Tender roots of Banyan are useful in treating infertility in a female.
A banyan also spelled “banian”, The name was originally given to F. benghalensis and comes from India where baniyas (a community of Indian traders) used to the discussion under this tree.
Thimmamma’s Banyan Tree in Anantapur, Andhra Pradesh, India. Probably a specimen of Ficus benghalensis believed to be more than 550 years old. Its canopy covers 4.721 acres,
and it was recorded as the largest tree specimen in the world in the Guinness Book of World Records in 1989.
Banyan Tree as Medicine
Panchalvalkal ( Ayurvedic Medicine) is also used for treating a wide range of skin disorders and other ailments. Panchalvakal is a form of Ayurvedic treatment that uses barks of five different trees from the Ficus family; peepal, albizia lebbeck, plaksha and banyan tree for treating these disorders
In modern parlance in the Hindi language, it is known as “bargad”( बरगद), “vata vriksh”(वट वृक्ष), and “barh”(बड़).
Species of Banyans called Curtain Fig Tree are found in areas of Australia such as the Daintree Rainforest in Tropical North Queensland.
|Zoological name||Ficus Benghalensis|
|Scientific Name||Ficus benghalensis|